October 1, 2010 marks 110 years since the establishment in Moscow the first metrological institution — Verification tent for trade weights and measures — the ancestor of VNIIMS. Established at the initiative of D.Mendeleev and beginning with checking and stamping of weights and measures, VNIIMS today has become an acknowledged scientific and methodological center of the metrological service in Russia. As the Chief State Scientific Center of Metrology VNIIMS carries out systematic researches on the legal, organizational, methodological and economic problems of ensuring the uniformity of measurements.
The article is devoted to the development of metrological service and measuring question in Russia, which are closely connected with the name of great Russian scientist Dmitry Mendeleev. The history of development and the major periods of development of metrological service in Russia are reflected in this article.